To get more information contact me at: firstname.lastname@example.org
USB DAC 2b - Hi-Resolution System
April 1 st , 2012 - working in progress ......
I have tested these USB-I2S interfaces and I have found very big differences in the sound:
After 3 tests in 2 different rooms, 3 different systems, with 3 my friends I can affirm that XMOS module by Lorien is the best. There are many differences in the listening and only the XMOS has an open sound, full of details and never tiring. With the XMOS all musical instruments are easily recognizable in the sound stage.
AD1955 DAC SCHEMATIC
The DAC module use a dedicated power supply with a separated
section for the analog stage.
A passive I/V has been created using Hi-end MK132 Caddock resistors.
The pcb use AD1955 mounted on DIP adapter to be simple for DIY.
|I have tested 3
different regulators on AD1955 DAC analog power supply.
1) LT1086-5 considered a very good series regulator for audio
2) A very low noise shunt with no op-amp similar to Salas design
3) Tent Labs shunt
The low noise shunt sound a little better than LT1086-5 but the Tent Labs shunt sound much more better.
The sound with Tent Labs shunt is another world, all instruments and voices are distinguishable and separate.
This shunt allows a great increase in the quality of the reproduced sound.
AD1955 DAC PCB
CONTROLLER MODULE SCHEMATIC
To use the AD1955 DAC chip with many sampling frequencies is necessary to set the internal register of this chip following this table.
Others DAC chips
like the TI PCM1794 and Wolfson
WM8740 has a master clock detection circuit that
automatically determines the relationship between the master clock frequency
and the sampling rate.
In a direct comparison the AD1955 sound much better than PM1794 and WM8740 but you can use the same output module with these DAC chips and in these case you don't need the controller module.
The AD1955 have an on-chip click less analog volume control without lost in resolution and I have implemented this in the PIC firmware so we can save the money necessary to buy a DACT stepper attenuator.
In my first test I have used a little PIC to have only basic functions but in order to display volume level, input sampling frequency, USB link status and to have a remote command as been used a large PIC Microcontroller.
The controller module can be configurated for other functions like a stand-by to power-on manager with a separated transformer.
CONTROLLER MODULE PCB
CONTROLLER MODULE PHOTOS
CONTROLLER MODULE FIRWARE
|To program the 16F877A Microchip microcontroller I have used the PICKIT 2 USB Development Programmer/Debugger (cod. PG164120 or DV164121) with a cost about 40-50$.|
I love the C language because it is very simple if compared to assembler.
The my C source has been
compiled with HI-TECH
V9.82 for PIC10/12/16 MCUs.
HI-TECH Software has provided a freeware HI-TECH PICC-Lite compiler as a tool for hobbyists and students, but the licence allows its use for commercial purposes as well. It is ideal as a teaching tool for an introduction into the 'C' language and embedded programing on a Microchip device.
Here you can download the last version of source and hex files.
OUTPUT STAGE SCHEMATIC
Raleigh Audio Line Stage
clone is a Differential parafeed line stage push-pull with a pair of CCS
(constant current source) to isolate the power supply from the
A 2.2uF parafeed capacitor isolating the output transformer from the power supply current so is possible to use little output transformers with amorphous core.
The CCS are
K&K Audio modules
with large heat sink kit, two for each channel.
I have used the normal type CCS but it is possible to use the cascode type.
OUTPUT STAGE POWER SUPPLY SCHEMATIC
Probably the output relay for this circuit is not necessary.
OUTPUT STAGE POWER SUPPLY PCB
For Raleigh Audio Line Stage clone, only the power supply
I have used this type of heatsinks for all the mosfets and linear regulator:
|Raleigh output stage|
|item||description||cost in euro|
|1||200ohm multi turn trimmer||2|
|2||39UF 400V Solen||40|